Java was developed by James Gosling in 1995. Today one of the widely used mobile operating systems, Android, and Big Data framework, Hadoop, runs with it. Top tech companies like IBM supports Java on all their major platforms, running its mainframe, COBOL though it is not specifically dedicated to Java programming. According to a recent survey by BMC Software Inc., among 1,200 mainframe users, 93% confirmed that their Java usage is growing, and 46% acknowledged that their rate of Java usage in mainframe is increasing by 10% per year.
The programming language provides a wide range of possibilities for software development to big programming enterprises as well as small startups, mainly because it is open-source, high-performance, and stable. Java is used everywhere, from game engines to mobile apps to data centers to the Internet. It is implemented by popular Apps based organizations like Uber, business and employment-focused companies like LinkedIn, and eCommerce company, eBay.
How relevant will be Java in the future?
Predicting the life of Java is difficult. The first programming language was Fortran and is rarely used in the industry, but it is still being used, in fact, it is extensively used for large-scale simulation of physical systems such as climate models, modern astrophysical ling of stars and galaxies, hydrodynamics codes, and so on. It is also used for designing bridges and structures and the analysis of large-scale scientific data.
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If we go by the lifecycle and age of Fortran, then Java has many more years off to live and it is still at the nascent phase. But if we try to predict the relevance in comparison to its present stature, as the programming language is the backbone of the Enterprise computing world, then also there is no tough competition, at least not now.
What do ratings say?
Ratings help us understand the current usage and demand of Java. According to the Tiobe index May 2017 rating, Java tops the chart with a rating of 14.6%, double what is the next contender C got, 7.002%. In the row stand third is C++ with a rating of 4.751%.
Now that you have got the idea of how Java is losing grounds but still ranks on top, it is apparent that it will take years to replace Java until a new disruptive technology sweeps its way. But again usage of Java is so widespread that it has fair chances of gaining ground again.
Most developers confirm that Java is not only easy to learn but also easy to use, write, compile, debug, and learn as compared to other programming languages. It allows them to create reusable code and modular programs. Along with this, it has great libraries and one of the largest communities of developers to share knowledge and take help, wherever required. With that said, it does not mean that Java application developers like it from the perspective of income as well.
A salary estimate report of 2017 from indeed.com shows that Java stands on the sixth spot with respect to average developer salary. Highest average salary is of Ruby/Ruby on Rail Developers.
Counting on experts’ opinions
1. Seniority over other languages
According to Dr. Citrin, Java has an edge over other languages because it was developed earlier and so it has got the chance to establish superior tools for writing, maintaining, and debugging code.
2 Bridge to Other Languages
There are many other languages that are Java-based such as Clojure, Groovy, Jython, and Scala that compiles in the same way as Java.
Despite the emergence of so many programming languages, Java still ranks no.1 in the annual survey conducted by JAXenter.com, wherein, other popular languages like Python and Swift were not even able to rank among top 5.
This may be because Java is widespread. From server-side application to billing applications and writing algorithms for the stock market to creating transaction management solutions, Java is pervasive. And even if it dies, it will resurrect quickly.