Trending

Stories

Scientists identify immune system variation linked to severe COVID-19 cases

Tidio Live Chat Software - Add Tidio live chat software to your website in minutes. Contact visitors and turn them into happy customers. Enhance their experience and boost your sales. Get it for Free

WP Rocket - WordPress Caching Plugin

Must Read

Scientists have found how misfiring of the immune system in some patients infected with the novel coronavirus can lead to severe consequences of COVID-19, an advance which may help identify those at high risk of dying from the disease, and suggest drugs treat them.

The researchers from Yale University in the US examined 113 patients admitted to the Yale New Haven Hospital, and analysed the varying immune system responses they exhibited during their hospital stay, from admittance to discharge, or death.

Also Read

The study, published in the journal Nature, found that all patients shared a common COVID-19 “signature” in immune system activity early in the course of disease.

However, those who experienced only moderate symptoms exhibited diminishing immune system responses and viral particle levels in their bodies over time, the researchers said.

This study shows how people’s immune system responds to SARS-CoV-2. It shows that wrong types of immune responses are engaged in severe cases and how some of these are associated with mortality, – study senior author Akiko Iwasaki from Yale University noted in a tweet.

Elegant Themes - The most popular WordPress theme in the world and the ultimate WordPress Page Builder. Get a 30-day money-back guarantee. Get it for Free

According to the scientists, patients who went on to develop severe cases of the disease showed no decrease in the levels of the virus particles in their body, or immune system reaction.

They said many of the immune signals in these patients, including the molecules called cytokines, were accelerated.

But even in the early course of treatment, the researchers found factors which predicted which patients were at greatest risk of developing severe forms of the illness.

“We were able to pull out signatures of disease risk,” Iwasaki said.

While earlier studies have identified that the immune system unleashed a massive and damaging “cytokine storm” in severe cases of COVID-19, the scientists said the specific elements of this response were unknown.

The current study found that one risk factor was the presence of an immune system molecule called alpha interferon — a cytokine mobilised to combat viral pathogens such as the flu virus.

However, the researchers said COVID-19 patients with high levels of alpha interferon fared worse than those with low levels.

This virus just doesn’t seem to care about alpha interferon. The cytokine appears to be hurting, not helping,- Iwasaki

According to the study, another early prognosticator of poor outcomes is activation of a complex of proteins that detects pathogens and triggers an inflammatory response to infection called inflammasome.

The researchers said inflammasome activation was linked to poor outcomes and death in several patients.

They found that people who respond better to the infection tend to express high levels of growth factors — a type of immune system molecules that repairs tissue damage to the linings of blood vessels and lungs.

Taken together, the researchers believe the data can help predict patients at high risk of poor outcomes from the disease.

They added that drugs that specifically target the causes of inflammation identified in the study could help treat patients at risk of developing severe cases of COVID-19.

iThemes WordPress Hosting

Stay updated

Subscribe to our newsletter and never miss an update on the latest tech, gaming, startup, how to guide, deals and more.

Latest

Stories

- Advertisement -
- Advertisement -

Latest

Grow Your Business

Place your brand in front of tech-savvy audience. Partner with us to build brand awareness, increase website traffic, generate qualified leads, and grow your business.

- Advertisement -

Grow Your Business

Get these business solutions, tools and services to help your business grow.
Elementor

Elementor -Join 5,000,000+ Professionals Who Build Better Sites With Elementor. Build your website with 100% visual design that loads faster and speeds up the process of building them.

WP Rocket

WP Rocket - Speed up your website with the most powerful caching plugin in the world. The website speed increase means better SEO ranking, user experience, and conversation. It’s a fact that Google loves a fast site.

Kinsta

Kinsta - If you are looking for WordPress managed hosting, Kinsta is in the leading front. Kinsta provides WordPress hosting for a small or large business that helps take care of all your needs regarding your website with cutting-edge technology.

OptinMonster

OptinMonster - Instantly boost leads and grow revenue with the #1 most powerful conversion optimization toolkit in the world. 700,000+ websites are using OptinMonster to turn their traffic into leads, subscribers, and sales.

Related

- Advertisement -
- Advertisement -
DJI Mini SE 2 Will Make its Debut On Feb 9 Motorola Launched Mote E13 Smartphone in India Google Pixel 4 and 4 XL Get Last Update WhatsApp Introduces 5 New Features For Status Updates OnePlus First-ever Tablet Launching in India Today ChatGPT Reaches 100 Million Users in Two Months Microsoft’s Teams Get OpenAI-Based Features WhatsApp New Feature that Allows Users to Create Calling Shortcuts Instagram Working On Twitter-like Paid Verification Feature OnePlus Ace 2 Specs Exposed Online
DJI Mini SE 2 Will Make its Debut On Feb 9 Motorola Launched Mote E13 Smartphone in India Google Pixel 4 and 4 XL Get Last Update WhatsApp Introduces 5 New Features For Status Updates OnePlus First-ever Tablet Launching in India Today ChatGPT Reaches 100 Million Users in Two Months Microsoft’s Teams Get OpenAI-Based Features WhatsApp New Feature that Allows Users to Create Calling Shortcuts