- Aug 3, 2021
Einstein has been proved right yet again after scientists confirm that even the lightest particles in the universe obey the famous physicist’s 113-year-old theory, known as Lorentz symmetry. It states that all objects will observe the same rules of physics, such as the speed of light – 300 million meters per second (985ft per second). The speed remains constant regardless of whether it is an astronaut traveling through space, or a microscopic molecule moving through your bloodstream.
According to Einstein’s theory of special relativity, the universe should be a predictably symmetrical place. The rule states that any particle will observe the same laws of physics, provided they are traveling at a constant speed. But some experts had argued that tiny, high-energy subatomic particles would not follow Einstein’s cornerstone Lorentz symmetry principle.
Some physicists in strong possibility considered that there might be a violation to Lorentz symmetry, in which a mysterious, unknown field might have distorted the behavior of these objects in a way that Einstein would not predict.
Many scientists have been on a vigorous hunt to find pieces of evidence of the Lorentz violation in various phenomena, from photons to gravity. Scientists have long questioned whether subatomic particles that operate at incredibly high energies, such as neutrinos, obey this principle or not.
It is believed that if there was an existence of violation then it would also be found in neutrinos. Neutrinos are the lightest particles in the universe which are produced by catastrophic high-energy cosmological phenomena. This explains that any violation would actually point a new physics that couldn’t be explained by Einstein’s theory.
MIT scientists and researchers have been on an intricate search of Lorentz violation in neutrinos, the analysis took tenure of 2-years to collect all the data by IceCube Neutrino Observatory apparently buried in the Antarctic ice.
The finding chalks up another victory for Einstein’s laws of the universe first published in a paper in 1905, despite some scientists repeatedly challenging the theories for more than a century. The analysis reveals that there were “no such abnormalities observed in the data,”- MIT news office.
The results show evidence that neutrinos behave just as Einstein’s theory predicts. According to the study, no such anomaly was found in the data. “We were looking to see if a Lorentz violation caused a deviation, and we didn’t see it,” said Professor Conrad.