CAIT Moves to CCI Against ‘Chinese’ Firm Shopee Predatory Pricing

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The Confederation of All India Traders (CAIT) has moved to the Competition Commission of India (CCI) against ‘Chinese’ e-commerce firm Shopee for allegedly indulging in predatory pricing and deep discounting tactics and violating the Competition Act.

In a petition submitted at the CCI, CAIT Chairman Praveen Khandelwal said that Shopee is offering hefty discounts on various products by selling them at an extremely low price, thereby hampering other competitors and adversely impacting the Indian marketplace.

“Such predatory pricing is being done with a calculated view to eliminate the traditional and small scale businesses in the country. Thus, Shopee is conducting its business in India in violation of provisions of the Competition Act, 2002,” Khandelwal said late on Thursday.

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Shopee offers products on its website at Re 1, Rs 9, Rs 49, etc, and CAIT alleged that this is nothing but a deliberate reduction in the prices of products or services to nonsensical and loss-making levels in the short-term, with “a view to undercut and eliminate small businesses”.

In an earlier letter addressed to Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, Commerce Minister Piyush Goyal and the CCI in December, CAIT had highlighted that Shopee had entered into India under complex structures to hoodwink the government.

In that letter, CAIT had said that Shopee violated the foreign direct investment (FDI) policy of 2020, which mandates prior Union government approval in case “any investment is made by an entity of a country sharing land border with India, or where the beneficial owner of an investment in India is situated in a land bordering country”.

The amended policy was launched in April 2020 amid fears over Chinese takeover of Indian firms.

Khandelwal said that SEA Holdings (the holding company of Shopee) has significant ownership (almost 25 per cent) by Tencent � a known Chinese investment firm.

Also, the founder of SEA, Forrest Li, is originally Chinese, but became a naturalised Singaporean only a few years back.

Earlier this month, Shopee, which claims it is of Singaporean origin, was hit by an FIR filed by a customer in Lucknow for allegedly defrauding him.

In the FIR, filed at the Mohanlalganj police station in Lucknow on January 15, the complainant, Shashank Shekhar Singh, said that he ordered products online from Shopee on December 10, but what he received were duplicate products.

The FIR named Shopee, its parent company Bengaluru-based SPPIN India Pvt Ltd, and senior company officials.

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